About The Cornea
The cornea is a transparent layer of tissue that covers the front portion of the eye. It provides protection to the structures of the eyeball by guarding the eye against foreign elements, such as germs, dirt, dust, and more. Healthy corneas are typically dome-shaped while not being too round nor too oblong. A healthy cornea is essential to a person's quality of vision because the shape of the cornea determines the angle at which light enters the eye — if light doesn't enter the eye correctly, this prevents the lens and retina from receiving the reflection.
There are a number of commonly occurring diseases and disorders that can affect the cornea and your overall eye health, which is why our team at Wang Vision Institute is proud to be at the forefront of advancements in the optical industry. With our register of comprehensive techniques and state-of-the-art technologies, we can diagnose, manage, and treat a wide range of corneal conditions. Our Nashville, TN office wants to help you experience the world with clarity. Contact a member of our team to schedule your comprehensive eye evaluation to conquer your eye concerns.
Diseases and Disorders
At Wang Vision Institute, our highly trained eye surgeons have years of experience in diagnosing, treating, and managing a wide spectrum of corneal diseases and disorders, ranging from the commonly occurring to the more rare. Some conditions we see more commonly at our Nashville, TN eye center are:
- Keratoconus: This is an advancing disorder that results in the weakening of the cornea. When the corneal tissue thins, it causes the shape of the cornea to distort, causing impaired vision.
- Corneal Abrasion: Corneal abrasions are superficial injuries to the outermost layer of the cornea. These can be caused by a fingernail scratch or from dirt getting into the eye.
- Corneal Ulcer: Corneal ulcers develop from unhealed wounds as a result of injury, overuse of contact lenses, dehydration, or abscesses.
- Keratitis: Keratitis is a type of corneal inflammation that could be fungal, bacterial, viral, or caused by eye trauma.
- Pterygium: This is a noncancerous growth of fatty tissue that develops on the eye when blood vessels grow to the point of concealing the cornea.
- Corneal Dystrophy: Corneal dystrophy is an umbrella term that refers to over 20 hereditary eye diseases, any of which can result in the progressive accumulation of cloudy tissue in the cornea.
"I took my mom for exam in January. The staff was great. My mom has Fuch's Dystrophy and needed cataract surgery. Had that done in March. After meeting Dr. Wang and the staff I knew we were in good hands."- Anonymous / Healthgrades / Mar 19, 2020
"I took my Mom for exam in January. She has Fuch's Dystrophy and needed cataract surgery. Had cataract surgery in March. So far everything is great. After meeting Dr. Wang and staff, I knew she was in good hands."- T.M. / Yelp / Mar 18, 2020
"I had small incision lasik in October 2019 to correct astigmatism and near sidedness in both of my eyes. I am beyond satisfied with the services I received. I see way better than I ever did with contacts or glasses. Everyone I have seen at Wang Vision Institute have been so nice and personable. They were amazing at easing the anxiety I experienced when it was time for the procedure and even took a video on my phone because I asked for one! Dr. Frenkel did a great job and I have not regretted having this done with him by any means!"- A.S. / Yelp / Mar 18, 2020
"Surgery was great. Staff is very professional and thorough"- J.J. / Facebook / Mar 11, 2020
"Two months after receiving "Forever Young" lens replacement surgery from Dr. Wang, I am once again able to read fine print and see my computer screen. My experience with Wang Vision Institute was wonderful and produced a result which is life changing!"- C.Y. / Healthgrades / Mar 10, 2020
Cornea Diseases and Disorders Symptoms
Although a number of corneal diseases and disorders can cause symptoms to manifest, others may not have any noticeable signs. This is why it's important to attend your biennial eye examinations with our team at Wang Vision Institute. Signs and symptoms can range from mild to severe, and if left untreated, could lead to pain, discomfort, or even loss of vision. Many of the major cornea disorders share a number of signs and symptoms, including:
- Blood-shot, inflamed, or swollen eyes
- Eye pain or discomfort
- Cloudy or skewed vision
- Extreme tiredness
- Throbbing headaches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sensitivity to light
Depending on your unique situation and condition, you may experience one, a few, or several of the aforementioned symptoms, or maybe even none at all.
Cornea Diseases and Disorders Causes
The majority of corneal diseases and disorders are hereditary. This means that patients with a family history of certain corneal conditions may be at an increased risk to develop the issue as well. Typically, diagnosing and treating corneal diseases is easier when the problem is caught early on. Immediate detection and management of corneal conditions could reduce your chance of developing life-changing complications, such as vision loss.
While a large number of corneal disorders have a genetic element, some can be brought on by trauma. If you injure either of your eyes, receiving a prompt examination and care will be essential to ensure your long-term eye health.
Cornea Diseases and Disorders Treatment Options
Our talented eye surgeons at Wang Vision Institute are devoted to keeping up to date with the latest advancements in the optical industry in terms of techniques and technologies. Just a handful of the innovative corneal treatments we're proud to offer our Nashville, TN patients are:
- Corneal Cross-Linking (UV Riboflavin CXL): Performed for patients with keratoconus, corneal cross-linking is a minimally invasive surgery that improves collagen fiber bonds within the cornea to reduce or prohibit the thinning and weakening of the cornea.
- Intacs® Corneal Implants: Intacs are incredibly tiny, crescent-shaped implants that are inserted into the edges of the cornea, known as the stoma. The calculated placement of Intacs corneal implants is designed to alter the shape of the cornea slightly, and in turn, improve a patient's vision without having to remove any corneal tissue. These implants are used to address misshaped corneas caused by keratoconus. They can also be used to reduce myopia.
- Phototherapeutic Keratectomy (PTK): This is a laser procedure designed to remove scar tissue, cloudy tissue, or corneal dystrophy that lies beneath the epithelium. PTK shares similarities with LASIK in duration and technique.
The dedicated professionals at Wang Vision Institute in Nashville, TN are devoted to providing men and women with only the highest quality care. Featuring a diverse team of eye surgeons and optometrists with impressive skill sets and years' worth of experience in the field of eye health, we offer a range of services designed to improve your vision and enhance your life. To see the world through clearer eyes, or to ask about any specific corneal conditions, give us a call and speak to a member of our knowledgeable team.